Short-Term Consultancy

Maat ja alueet
Viimeinen hakupäivä

Desk survey on regulatory and institutional framework on immigration and employment of the third country nationals at the Finnish labour market.

Background / Context

A country of significant emigration for the last few decades, in recent years Georgia has faced increasingly complex migration dynamics and diverse evolving trends entailing increased mobility.

According to official statistics, the Georgian population has decreased by 1,7 million in the last three decades due to emigration as well as declining fertility rates. Georgian migrants, with women in the majority (almost 55%), are seeking better life and self-realization in the destination countries. Lack of employment opportunities, low remuneration, and unstable jobs, along with inadequate social policy and health insecurity, due to prohibitive costs of health insurance and high cost of medical services in Georgia are considered as critical reasons for emigration.

As a result of strong migration pressures or family expectations many of these migrants resort to clandestine work and are exposed to the risks of vulnerabilities associated with irregular stay and undocumented work abroad, including human trafficking, poor labour conditions and exploitative employment, inability to access healthcare and social services.

The potential social, economic and development benefits of migration are also diminished in such contexts. Employment in the informal sector, generally entailing poor job security, low and irregular remuneration, also generates lower remittance flows and provides limited or no opportunity for development of transferable professional skills and knowledge.

Increasingly, the Government of Georgia is interested and sees the regulated temporary, circular labour migration, as an alternative to reducing irregular migration and asylum claims abroad and as a tool for tackling high unemployment in Georgia, contributing to poverty reduction and promoting economic relations between Georgia and countries of destination.

Recently, the Georgian Government has embarked on various initiatives aiming to promote and govern labour migration, including the efforts to cooperate with governments in countries of destination. The bilateral labour agreements concluded with various countries (France, Germany, Bulgaria and Israel) enable the facilitated employment of skilled labour force from Georgia, significantly contributing to better opportunities, remuneration and increased remittance transfers, as well as improving protections for workers’ rights.

Core Functions / Responsibilities:

1. Nature of the consultancy: Identify and analyse the information on: i. regulations and procedures on foreign migrant workers employment in Finland; ii. profile institutions, their functions and role in the foreign labour force employment process, ii. employer associations/business confederations and cooperation prospects and ways with individual businesses/employers in Finland.

2. Objective of the research: Make available the information on the prospects for temporary, circular labour migration and employment of foreign nationals at the Finnish labour market.

3. IOM Project to which the consultancy is contributing: Sustaining Border Management and Migration Governance in Georgia (SBMMG).

4. Tasks to be performed under the contract and timing

  • Methodological tools for the survey: detailed outline of the structure of the assessment; questionnaires for interview of different stakeholders (regulators and employers, public employment support services, private recruitment sector, Georgian Embassy in Finland) developed in close coordination with the IOM office in Georgia. The comprehensive list of the stakeholder agencies to be visited for the interviews will be defined at an earlier stage agreed with the IOM.

  • Research: i. desk survey of the institutional framework on immigration and employment of the third country nationals at the Finnish labor market (immigration and labor authorities, employment services – public and private, procedures of entry, living and employment of foreign labor force in Finland); ii. Interviews with regulators, on the demanded professions (in different qualification and skills levels) at the national labor market in Finland; professions and skills in deficit and regular demand, sectors of economy most requiring the labor force, (by regions of Finland, businesses and professions as possible and indication of specific employers who are or might be interested in hiring Georgian workers and their contact information), types of labor contracts, language requirements, regulations for accommodation of foreign workers etc.

  • The draft report providing short analysis of the above issues and specific information on the professions/skills in demand should be provided to IOM Georgia for validation and endorsement.

  • Final report developed in English language should be provided to the IOM office for final validation.

5. Performance indicators for evaluation of results

  • Agreed Survey Design, Methodology and Work Plan .

  • The survey design fully reflects the important areas as listed above and areas/topics to be surveyed.

  • Final draft report prepared and presented in due time as indicated above.

6. Baseline measurement

Scarce information on labour market needs in Finland; spontaneous character of labour migration of Georgians to EU member states; Conditions prepared for enhanced discussions on prospective cooperation in the circular labor migration area between the Governments of Georgia and Finland.

7. Tangible and measurable output of the work assignment

- Survey Design, Methodology and Work Plan - provided by 8 August 2021.

- draft report provided for review to IOM Georgia by 15 September 2021.

- Final report focusing on labour market demands (sectors requiring foreign labour, professions/skills in demand, disposition of employers and regulations in Finland on circular labour migration and employment of foreign workforce at the Finnish labour market - provided by 24 September 2021.

8. Realistic delivery dates and details as to how the work must be delivered

The consultant will provide the above services within 40 working days, commencing on 2 August 2021 and terminating on 24 September 2021, conducted in Finland.



  • CV indicating the experience in participation or/and organization of similar studies

  • The research methodology outline

  • The Consultancy fee for conducting the survey (in EUR)

  • The interested expert shall indicate any additional costs that may arise during the execution of the task.

Note: High proficiency in spoken and written English and good report writing skills is required


The full package of the document should be sent by e-mail to: kberadze@iom.int. In the subject field, please indicate the name of the vacancy.


The deadline for applications is July 23, 2021



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